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This publication explains how international food safety standards are set through the Joint Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) Food Standards Programme – the Codex Alimentarius Commission – and how these standards are applied in the context of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreements on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) and on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement). Through the FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius, members establish science-based, internationally agreed food standards Part 1. The institutional framework -- Part 2. The benefits of taking part -- Part 3. A dynamic system.