"The Global Ocean Science Report (GOSR) assesses for the first time the status and trends in ocean science capacity around the world. The report offers a global record of who, how, and where ocean science is conducted: generating knowledge, helping to protect ocean health, and empowering society to support sustainable ocean management in the framework of the United Nations Agenda 2030. The GOSR identifies and quantifies the key elements of ocean science at the national, regional and global scales, including workforce, infrastructure and publications. This is the first collective attempt to systematically highlight opportunities as well as capacity gaps to advance international collaboration in ocean science and technology. This report is a resource for policy makers, academics and other stakeholders seeking to harness the potential of ocean science to address global challenges. A comprehensive view of ocean science capacities at the national and global levels takes us closer to developing the global ocean science knowledge needed to ensure a healthy, sustainable ocean"....[GOSR's website]. Introduction -- 2. Definitions, data collection and analysis -- 3. Research capacity and research infrastructure -- 4. The funding for ocean science -- 5. Research productivity and science impact -- 6. Oceanographic data, information management and exchange / Hernan E. Garcia, Ariel H. Troisi, Bob Keeley, Greg Reed, Linda Pikula, Lisa Raymond, Henrik Enevoldsen, Peter Pissierssens -- 7. International organizations supporting ocean science -- 8. Contribution of ocean science to the development of ocean and coastal policies and sustainable development : -- Annexes (A. Contributors -- B. Acronyms and abbreviations -- C. Global Ocean Science Report questionnaire -- D. GOSR data and information management survey 2016 -- E. International scientific conferences -- F. Bibliometric indicators (2010-2014) G. IODE regional grouping).