Th is paper presents estimates of world economic growth for 1970-2000, and changes in the intercountry and interpersonal distribution of world income between 1980 and 2000. These estimates suggest that, while the rate of growth of the world economy slowed in the 1980-2000 period, and average within-country inequality worsened, the distribution of world income among individuals, nevertheless, improved a little. However, that result was wholly due to the exceptional economic performances of China and India. Outside these two countries, the slowdown in world growth was even more dramatic, the distribution of world income unequivocally worsened, and poverty rates remained largely unchanged. Th e world since 1980 -- Growth trends and changes in the intercountry distribution of income -- Th e distribution of world income among persons -- Major caveats -- A clarifi cation with respect to studies showing increasing inequality of world distribution -- Poverty trends and patterns -- Summary and conclusions.