This study reviews current economic developments in the Middle East from 1957 to 1958. Details of economic activity for each country - reflecting the variations in total, sectoral and per capita income - are fully treated in this study. It notes, inter alia, that industrial output outside the oil sector made good progress during the period from 1957 to 1958. As in previous years, this was particularly the case for the electricity, construction and chemical industries. 1. Agriculture -- 2. Industry -- 3. Petroleum -- 4. Foreign trade and payments -- Statistical appendix.