We may be entering a new geologic age called the Anthropocene in which humans are a dominant force shaping the planet’s future. That future is already taking frightening shape in many ways, from climate change to plunging biodiversity to the epidemic of plastics in our oceans. The strain on the planet mirrors the strain facing many societies. Indeed, planetary and social imbalances reinforce one another. As the 2019 Human Development Report made plain, many inequalities in human development continue to increase. Climate change, among other dangerous planetary changes, will only make them worse. Part 1. Renewing human development for the Anthropocene -- Chapter 1. Charting human development in the Anthropocene -- Chapter 2. Unprecedented - the scope, scale and speed of human pressures on the planet -- Chapter 3. Empowering people for equity, innovation and stewardship of nature -- Part 2. Acting for change -- Chapter 4. Empowering people, unleashing transformation -- Chapter 5. Shaping incentives to navigate the future - Chapter 6. Building nature-based human development -- Part 3. Measuring human development and the Anthropocene -- Chapter 7. Towards a new generation of human development metrics for the Anthropocene.