Since 2010, United Nations Environment (UNEP) has produced annual Emissions Gap Reports based on requests by countries for an independent scientific assessment of how actions and pledges by countries affect the global greenhouse gas emissions trend, and how this compares to emissions trajectories consistent with the long-term goal of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The difference has become known as the emissions gap. In addition to estimating the emissions gap, the reports focus on key options for achieving the emissions reductions necessary to bridge the gap, and provide an assessment of how these can be accelerated and scaled up. Countries have found these emissions gap assessments useful in informing the political process. This seventh Emissions Gap Report is based on requests by countries for an update that focuses on some of the key issues emerging with the adoption of the Paris Agreement and its specific long-term temperature goal. Chapter 1. Introduction -- Chapter 2. Pre-2020 action: trends, progress and urgency -- Chapter 3. 2030 trends and ambition -- Chapter 4. Bridging the gap - the role of non-state action -- Chapter 5. Bridging the gap - the role of energy efficiency -- Chapter 6. Bridging the gap - the Sustainable Development Goals and climate change mitigation.