This edition of Civil Society and Disarmament explores recent work by the International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA) in support of legal instruments on the misuse, diversion, and illicit proliferation of small arms, light weapons, and their ammunition. IANSA, a global civil society network comprising hundreds of member organizations, has advocated both for effective implementation of these instruments and for their development as living - not static - documents. 1. Introduction -- 2. Strengthening the political process: the third review conference -- 3. Strengthening the programme of action: recommendations of civil society -- 4. Seeking a more inclusive approach to small arms: reflections from non-governmental organizations. Statements : Six key issues for the 2018 Review Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons / Dr. Natalie J. Goldring -- Quick Guide: Results of the Third Review Conference on the Programme of Action / Dr. Natalie J. Goldring -- Why Gender is a Key Issue for RevCon3 / Dr. Jasmin Nario-Galace -- Women’s Participation in Arms Control: Examples from the Ground / Dr. Jasmin Nario-Galace -- Gender and Small Arms in the Pacific Region / Ema Tagicakibau -- PoA reporting: The numbers behind Call to Action / Dr. Jasmin Nario-Galace -- Gender Norms and Gun Violence / Ray Acheson -- The Programme of Action on Small Arms: Incomplete Without the Inclusion of Ammunition / Brian Wood and Lawrence Robinson -- The Need for Marking and Recordkeeping of Ammunition / Ivan Marques -- Preventing Crimes and Violent Deaths Involving Small Arms and Light Weapons / Brian Wood -- The Need for Sustained and Integrated Work Across Relevant Agendas / Dr. Natalie J. Goldring -- Australian Gun Law Reform / Rebecca Peters AO -- Gun Control and Crime Reduction: The Brazilian Experience / Ivan Marques -- Did Gun Control Cause the Fall in Gun Crime? The Data Support the Claim / Joseph Dube -- Challenges and Opportunities to Contain Cross-border Gun Trafficking / Magda Coss -- Illicit Flows of Small Arms and Light Weapon and Sustainable Development / Brian Wood -- Gun Violence and the Sustainable Development Goals: Beyond SDG 16.4 / Rebecca Peters AO -- Inclusion of Parliamentarians: “Connecting the Dots” / Karin Olofsson -- Integrating Public Health into the UN Programme of Action / Dr. Cathey Falvo -- Importance of PoA Implementation in Africa / Victor Amisi -- Action Needed to End Small Arms Abuse Fuelling Violent Extremism in Africa / Seydi Gassama -- How a Bullet Changed My Life Forever / Alexander Galvez.