This report is structured into three parts. The first part presents an overview of Africa in the world economy and of intra-African trade. The second part briefly summarizes the history of RECs in Africa. The last part provides illustrative statistics on Africa’s trade in goods and services during the last decade. The section includes various indicators of the trade structure, services trade, investment flows, trade facilitation, tariffs and non-tariff measures as well as exchange rates. While the section presents some of the most commonly used trade indicators at the continent level, some other figures compare the structure and performance of eight main building blocks of the African Union: Arab Maghreb Union (AMU/UMA), Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), East African Community (EAC), Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Southern African Development Community (SADC), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), and Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD).